As with many European cities, the remnants of the era of industrialization are seen in factory and production site buildings whose initial function are no longer needed. Lille was designated the European Capital of Culture of 2004, which allowed for the initiation of a large reconstruction project. The project, Maison Folie, encompassed the vast reconstruction of twelve industrial buildings in Lille and also in Belgium.
Innsbruck, Austria is famous for its historic downtown that features Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architectural styles. Amidst the classic architecture is a serge of modern buildings as well. Internationally celebrated architect, Zaha Hadid, designed their Hungerburgbahn futuristic railway station. The mixture of classic and modern architecture can be controversial, as some believe the integrity of a historic city can be jeopardized by modern development. Yet, others believe in co-mingling the different architectural styles to showcase the technological advancements of the 21st century.
The world's largest and highly celebrated Louis Vuitton Flagship Store has opened In Tokyo, a city with a "constantly fluctuating, eclectic mix of urban topography,” as it is often described in specialist literature. The store's architecture responds to Tokyo's urban architectural versatility with optical adaptability, while embodying the traditional products of the House of Louis Vuitton. With his façade construction, architect and rising star, Jun Aoki, has created a building, which fluctuates as dynamically as the surrounding cityscape. At the same time, it stands as a synonym for the Louis Vuitton brand in all its variety – as the definitive ambassador of the brand name.
As a thriving cultural metropolis in South Australia, Adelaide attracts tourists with its Mediterranean climate, festivals and state-of-the-art infrastructure. One example of the continuous development of the city's transport links is the airport, located only a few miles from the city center. With around seven million passengers annually, it is one of the five largest airports in Australia. To meet growing passenger demand, a multi-story car park with direct connection to the main terminal building was completed in 2012. Since then, passengers have been able to cross a car-free forecourt to reach the terminal for a safe start or continuation of their journey. The highlight of the architects' extraordinary design concept is a sweeping stainless steel construction clad with Tigris metallic mesh.